UN adopts resolution demanding Israel’s withdrawal from Golan Heights

Resolution of one of six resolutions passed against State of Israel; General Assembly resolutions non-binding, but dictates UN agenda and Security Council votes

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The United Nations General Assembly adopted an additional resolution calling on the State of Israel to withdraw from the Golan Heights. The resolution was just one of six resolutions, most concerning the Palestinians, passed against the State of Israel on Friday. 

“The Syrian Golan” resolution was introduced to the General Assembly on November 30, 2016 and was passed two days later. The resolution claims that Israel has “failed to comply” with Resolution 497 which was adopted in 1981. The resolution claimed that Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights captured in Six Day War of 1967 as “null and void”.

The most recent resolution passed demanding Israel’s withdrawal from the Golan Heights reads “the Assembly demanded that Israel withdraw from all the occupied territory to the line of 4 June 1967 and called on all parties concerned to exert the necessary efforts to ensure the resumption of the peace process.” That resolution was voted in favor by 103 with 6 against (Canada, Federated States of Micronesia, Israel, Marshall Islands, Palau, United States), and 56 abstentions.

The resolution claims that “the Assembly would declare that Israel had failed so far to comply with Security Council resolution 497.  The Assembly also would declare that the Israeli decision of 14 December 1981 to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration on the occupied Syrian Golan was null and had no validity whatsoever, as confirmed in Council resolution 497.  The Assembly would also reaffirm its determination that all relevant provisions of the regulations annexed to The Hague Convention, of 1907, and the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 1949, continued to apply to the Syrian territory occupied by Israel since 1967.”

The resolution further calls on the State of Israel to enter peace talks with Syria and Lebanon, two states that openly threaten Israel’s security and call for Israel to be wiped off the map. The text reads “The Assembly would also call upon Israel to resume talks on the Syrian and Lebanese tracks and to respect the commitments that had been reached during previous talks.  The Assembly would demand once more that Israel withdraw from all the occupied Syrian Golan to the line of 4 June 1967 in implementation of relevant Security Council resolutions.  It would also call upon all the parties concerned to exert all the necessary efforts to ensure the resumption of the peace process and its success by implementing Security Council resolutions 242 [of 1967] and 338 [of 1973].”

The resolutions come during ongoing reports that United States President Barack Obama’s may turn to the United Nations for efforts to move forward with the peace process.